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The President and Vice President are elected by Congress from among the four state-based senators to serve four-year terms in the executive branch.Their congressional seats are then filled by special elections.European explorers—first the Portuguese in search of the Spice Islands (Indonesia) and then the Spanish—reached the Carolines in the sixteenth century.The Spanish incorporated the archipelago to the Spanish East Indies and in the 19th century established a number of outposts and missions.The unicameral Congress has fourteen members elected by popular vote.
The capital is Palikir, located on Pohnpei Island, while the largest city is Weno, located in the Chuuk Atoll.
In February 1944, Operation Hailstone, one of the most important naval battles of the war, took place at Truk, in which many Japanese support vessels and aircraft were destroyed.
Following World War II, it was administered by the United States under United Nations auspices in 1947 as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands pursuant to Security Council Resolution 21.
English has become the common language of the government, and for secondary and tertiary education.
Outside of the main capital towns of the four FSM states, the local languages are primarily spoken.
In 1887, they founded the town of Santiago de la Ascension in what today is Kolonia on the island of Pohnpei. Following the war, the League of Nations awarded a mandate for Japan to administer the islands as part of the South Pacific Mandate.